How to reduce potato tuber discolouration

Discolouration or internal blackening or browning of potato tubers is responsible for significant post-harvest losses.

Potato discolouration

It is caused by the oxidation of phenolic substances, mainly tyrosine to melanin. Potassium, magnesium and boron can all have effects on discolouration and blackening.

Low potassium levels increase the risk of blackening

Potassium affects enzymatic blackening and after-cooking blackening and low levels of potassium can increase the incidence of after-cooking blackening.

Potassium and potato tuber discolouration

Potassium influences the concentration of organic anions such as citric acid or ascorbic acid (i.e. vitamin C within the tuber). These 2 molecules have an antioxidative function, which decreases the incidence of enzymatic and non-enzymatic discolouration by slowing down the oxidation processes.

This trial from the USA shows the influence of potassium on enzymatic discolouration on two different varieties.

Magnesium levels linked to enzymatic blackening

Low magnesium levels can increase susceptibility to enzymatic discolouration.

Magnesium and potato tuber discolouration

This trial from the USA shows the influence of magnesium on enzymatic discolouration.

Boron reduces the incidence of tuber discolouration

Boron reduces the oxidation of phenols that are responsible for enzymatic discolouration. Thus, a good supply of boron reduces the occurrence of enzymatic discolouration in potato tubers.

Boron and potato tuber discolouration

Other crop management practices influencing potato tuber discolouration

  • Selecting the right variety to meet production needs
  • Taking care during harvest and grading to reduce physical damage and bruising
  • Holding capabilities are present
  • Irrigating to prevent, or minimise diseases such as common scab
  • Harvesting in good conditions to avoid physical damage and disease infestation.
  • Controlling temperatures and humidity in storage

Recommended Yara fertilisers for potatoes

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